How to Explain Bitcoin to Your Mom! - The New York Times

A Non-technical Bitcoin Primer (Part 1)

TL;DR: This non-technical intro covers what Bitcoin is, its benefits over current payment technologies, and the threats to its success. The goal is to get a beginner quickly up to speed and making sense of the headlines. The primer is divided into two parts, and the second part is linked to at the bottom. Suggestions for additional resources are provided at the end of Part 2.
There was a recent post asking "I've been hearing a lot of talk about Bitcoin the past few months, and I want to get started, but I want to know what it is, and the benefits of using Bitcoin over other forms of currencies."
While it's relatively easy to find resources on the technical underpinnings of Bitcoin, or on how to purchase your first bitcoins, it's difficult to find summaries of the many issues it faces as a technology. Media stories can be confusing to navigate, with some heralding Bitcoin as the next great revolution, and others deriding it as a tool for criminals.
I thought this would be a good opportunity to post an early draft of my primer covering the important non-technical aspects of Bitcoin. It should be enough to get a beginner off to a good start.
Part 1 is below, and Part 2 is linked to at the bottom.
Comments are appreciated!
WHAT'S THE BIG DEAL? We can now communicate in a truly global way, thanks to the World Wide Web. Instead of sending letters, we send e-mail. Instead of expensive long-distance phone calls, we have Skype and Google Hangouts. Instead of looking up information with a card catalog, we search Google or go to Wikipedia.
Unlike our communications systems, our traditional payment systems are not global, despite the fact that we live in an increasingly global economy. Bitcoin is the first web-native payment protocol and consensus network that supports global, decentralized peer-to-peer payments (I'll explain more about what that means in a bit). At first, you can think of it as a global form of cash for the internet, but it's actually more than that. It has the potential to do for the world economy what the World Wide Web did for communications.
At present, we largely rely on payment systems that were designed before the web even existed. Our methods of payment depend on a patchwork of local currencies and banking systems. Traditional payment systems, such as credit cards as we currently know them, were introduced in the U.S. in the late 1950s!
People have recognized the need for a new payment network for a long time and have been trying to invent a form of e-cash for decades. The main problem is that digital money, like anything that's digital, is easy to copy. We can't have people copying their money and fabricating billions of e-dollars for themselves, because those e-dollars would become worthless.
Bitcoin is a major breakthrough in computer science that has solved the problem of copying money (called "double spending").
HOW COULD MONEY WITH NO CENTRAL ISSUING AUTHORITY EXIST? When we say Bitcoin is decentralized, we mean that it's run by the users. How? Here's a brief, non-technical overview.
The users include people who use bitcoins for transactions (consumers and merchants), developers who create new ways to use Bitcoin, and miners.
Miners run specialized computers all over the world that verify transactions (checking that no double spending has occurred); they are rewarded with newly "mined" bitcoins (this is how new bitcoins are created, instead of them being issued by a government).
All the transactions are recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain (since the blockchain puts everyone in agreement with the transaction history, it's the consensus mechanism alluded to earlier).
Bitcoin with a capital "B" refers to both the protocol (the technical specification of how this system works and the code that implements it) and the whole payment network of users. When written with a lowercase b, bitcoin usually refers to the currency that is transacted across this system.
(It turns out that Bitcoin, as a protocol, supports many other applications in addition to the bitcoin currency. In a way, it's similar to how the internet is used for more than sending e-mail, but I won't get into additional applications here.)
So, what are some advantages of Bitcoin?
SECURITY You buy something online at Target by typing in your credit card number. Target gets hacked (as we saw early this year), and hackers now have your account number, which is basically the key or password to your credit line.
Now consider e-mail. When you send someone e-mail, do you need to give them your password in order for them to read the e-mail? No. You have a public e-mail address that you can share with them, if they need to reply to you.
Bitcoin is like that. You have a public key (like your e-mail address) and a private key (like your password). You can send and receive payments without giving away the keys to your funds.
So, things like the Target debacle could not happen.
Yes, people's coins do get stolen, and there are still security issues, but often these have to do with people who are not knowledgeable about Bitcoin and who try to store the coins themselves (as opposed to storing them with a reputable third party), and they end up not securing their private keys properly.
Or, they'll print what's called a paper wallet with unencrypted private keys and send it through the USPS (you wouldn't send a lot of cash in an envelope through USPS, would you? I'm hoping you answered no!). Please do not do this!
So, people need to learn that Bitcoin is like cash in some ways; if you lose it, you're not getting it back (although some efforts at insuring bitcoins are starting to crop up).
As the industry grows, storing coins securely will become easier for the non-techie. Remember, it used to require lots of technical knowledge just to get on the World Wide Web.
LOW FEES It's difficult to overstate the importance of this. Low fees will help workers sending money abroad to family, they'll help small business owners and larger merchants, and they'll enable new business models.
Currently, people can pay around 10% to send international remittances (e.g. if they're sending $200 to family abroad, they might pay $20 in fees), and the international remittance market is huge. For example, in 2010, India received 55 billion U.S. dollars in remittances; perhaps half of this was for family maintenance. Remittance fees are therefore a big burden on lots of families worldwide.
Merchants pay around 2-2.5% on all the money they bring in through credit cards. Small businesses accepting payments through PayPal pay 2.9% +.30. An individual bringing in about $3000 monthly could pay around $90 per month to be able to accept payments.
Typical Bitcoin transactions range from free to .0001 BTC, or about $.06 per transaction, regardless of the number of Bitcoins sent. (Fellow redditors, please chime in on this if you have helpful sources).
Low fees also enable microtransactions, which are very small payments, and these can support entirely new business models. For example, consider an online newspaper that charges a large monthly fee. Many users just want to read one article. With microtransactions, it's conceivable that users could instead just pay a few cents per article. This was previously impossible, because the fees paid by the newspaper to collect the payment would be larger than the payment itself.
Why are the payments so cheap? What's the catch? Bitcoin payments are peer-to-peer, so there aren't third parties charging fees. Most of the fees charged by credit card companies, as I understand it, go toward fraud prevention, but Bitcoin does not suffer from the same security flaws.
GLOBAL SOLUTION Bitcoin is built for a web-connected world. It's not issued by any particular government and can be sent between two parties anywhere in the world without going through intermediate banks and exchanges, which reduces cost.
ACCESS FOR THE UNBANKED Roughly half of the world's adult population is unbanked, i.e. does not have access to a bank account. Not having access to a bank account makes it difficult and expensive to send payments, to store funds securely, and so on. In short, it's a major hardship.
It's not that the unbanked have no money. Often, there is just no access to a reliable banking infrastructure where they live.
In the developed world, it’s possible to be denied access to a banking account because of having overdrawn an account many years ago. "Mistakes like a bounced check or a small overdraft have effectively blacklisted more than a million low-income Americans from the mainstream financial system for as long as seven years" according to the New York Times. A million people is a small number compared to half the world's adult population, but this shows that access to banking can be difficult for a lot of people in developed nations as well.
As the Bitcoin industry grows, it will become easier for individuals to securely store their money (people in developing nations often do have access to cell phones, and payment applications for such cell phones are already being developed). In this way, developing countries can leapfrog traditional banking infrastructure as they did with telecommunications networks by going straight from having no land lines to having cell phones.
PREVENTION OF RAMPANT INFLATION In many countries, such as Venezuela, Argentina, and Iran, the local currency can be highly inflationary. People's hard-earned assets become less and less valuable. This can happen when a country prints too much money.
With Bitcoin, the rate at which new bitcoins enter the economy is strictly controlled by the protocol. Eventually, there will be a maximum of 21 million bitcoins in circulation. After that, no more bitcoins will be produced.
Right now, the price of Bitcoin is very volatile, but much of this volatility is the result of Bitcoin being new. If it succeeds in becoming more widely adopted by merchants and consumers, and if more institutional investors start getting into Bitcoin, and if regulatory clarity increases from governments, this volatility will diminish. (All of these things are starting to happen.)
A related aspect of Bitcoin that is novel is that if it becomes widely adopted, then in the medium term, its value will increase fairly dramatically, instead of decreasing as with inflationary currencies. Basically, the bitcoin supply won't increase too much, but the goods and services paid for with that supply will increase. So, the value of the bitcoins will need to go up to accommodate that change. (In the short-term, the price is determined more by speculation, but it's this speculation that makes bitcoins valuable enough to actually be useful).
Bitcoins constitute a new kind of asset class. People can use them as a currency, but they can also use them as an investment (especially now, while it's still early). These two aspects of the currency will pull in opposite directions for now (if it'll grow in value, should I really spend it?). People here on bitcoin might tend to hope that this tension will be resolved, as Bitcoin will be made popular by its many advantages. No one knows how it will play out.
PERMISSIONLESS APPLICATIONS LAYER Early on in Bitcoin's history, a famous economist (who I won't name, so as not to make personal attacks) who vastly underestimated the potential of the World Wide Web as a transformative economic force, made a similar estimate of Bitcoin's potential.
In this terrific article, a research fellow at George Mason University explains that this economist was making the same mistake in both cases.
In the early days of the internet, it wasn't clear to everyone why it was better than the existing telecommunications networks. It turns out that the primary feature that set it apart is its permissionless applications layer. In other words, the internet is built on a protocol for data transfer, but developers can do whatever they want with the data at the ends of the network, without having to modify the network itself or get permission from internet service providers.
For example, AT&T experimented with video calls as far back as the 1960s. It wasn't until the World Wide Web that cheap video calls were made possible by the likes of Skype and Google.
In a similar way, Bitcoin is a protocol for transferring data and recording it on a public ledger, and developers can create new features on top of the protocol. This is why Bitcoin has been called "the internet of money."
A helpful analogy to keep in mind is that internet:communication::Bitcoin:finance. This is fleshed out in the "terrific article" I linked to.
NO CHARGEBACKS Let's say someone steals your credit card information and fraudulently uses it to purchase goods. You dispute the charge, and you get your money back (hence the term chargeback).
Since the money goes back to you, it's taken away from the merchant, despite the fact that the merchant has already given away the goods. Chargebacks can also happen if the consumer is unsatisfied with the goods, and for other reasons as well. This can be very costly for merchants.
Bitcoin payments are irreversible, so chargebacks do not happen. This is very helpful to merchants, but it means that when you purchase faulty goods as a consumer, you might not have a formal process in place to get your money back.
A trustworthy merchant could voluntarily send your money back, but there is no third party bank that can reverse the payment.
ACCEPTING BITCOIN IS EASY All you have to do is post your public key (like an e-mail address), and people can send you payments.
TO BE CONTINUED I've run out of room. In Part 2 of this primer, pseudonymity is discussed, along with threats to Bitcoin's success.
Edits: Wording under "SECURITY," per BitCamel; typos; linked to remittance data.
submitted by 11251442132 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

More information on the Renewable Energy consumption of Bitcoin and the environmentally friendly alternative BlackCoin TL:DR

The amount of electricity required to maintain Bitcoin’s security is legendary. Its miners are scouring the globe searching for areas with the least-expensive electricity rates.
Unfortunately, these areas are where the least expensive renewable-energy resources exist in the world.
Links are provided below to the references to back up the claims made here. This document will be updated as needed based on your comments below.
It has been estimated that the additional electricity required to maintain BlackCoin’s cooperative minting network is much less than three one-thousands ( 3 / 1000 ) of what is now used to run an equivalent sized competitive Bitcoin mining network. Bitcoin’s current electrical consumption equipment arms race is gobbling up irreplaceable, renewable-energy resources in areas where they provide the less expensive renewable energy options bar none.
A recent study cited in the Wall Street Journal shows that the hash rate required for Bitcoin’s security last fall was one one-sixtieth (1 / 60) of what it is now. This hash rate inflation has been fueled by the tremendous profitability of large scale corporate mining operations, which have produced the mining technology arms race.
The largest known corporate Bitcoin mining operation is reported to be housed in a warehouse in Central Washington State where it takes advantage of the US’s lowest electricity rates bar none. The Spokane Review recently reported that a handful of additional competitors are now about to pop up.
Washington State is the leader in hydroelectric generation with 29% of the total national capacity according to the US Energy Information Administration. It is 10th in wind energy production. Nevertheless, the whole state still has the lowest residential electric rates in the country.
The New York Times reported on a similar setup in Iceland, which may have the least expensive electricity of any country in the world. It is powered by hydro and geothermal resources.
These corporate mining operations compete against each other for the right to enter the next ledger page into the Bitcoin blockchain. The startups that produce the otherwise useless mining equipment are forced to make outrageous claims for their latest drawing board designs to get preorder payments to finance their production as has been well documented by CoinDesk in numerous articles.
Are we about to repeat the environmental disasters that followed the 1849 California Gold Rush and the wildcatting boom that began with the Spindletop oil gusher? This trend will continue as long as the Bitcoin mining technology continues to improve at breakneck speed driven by the profitability resulting from the squandering of these irreplaceable resources.
It took three and a half years after Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin in January 2009 before Sunny King in August 2012 to launch Peercoin, the first environmentally friendly cryptocurrency. However, Peercoin is designed to be the savings account complementing the best environmentally friendly checking account cryptocurrency. The market has been trying since then to settle on the best environmentally friendly challenger for Bitcoin.
The Russian crypto developer rat4 launched BlackCoin on February 24, 2014 at 6:00 UTC after making the customary announcement on February 16 on the Bitcoin Forum. Startup crypto exchange Mintpal quickly recognized the potential of rat4’s improvement of the design of the innovative Mintcoin protocol.
This helped catapult BlackCoin into 19th place in market cap by the start of April. BlackCoin obtained its current 10 th place position after Coinkite chose Blackcoin to add to its terminals in June joining Bitcoin and Litecoin.
Sunny King’s protocol has now been tested on many environmentally friendly alternatives. The market has now chosen BlackCoin to be checking account to Peercoin’s saving account.
The Bitcoin MIT Project will provision every undergraduate at that institution with $100 worth of bitcoins in the fall semester as an experiment. The proposed BlackCoin MIT Airdrop is currently being discussed by the Blackcoin Community on its reddit page. The proposal calls for provisioning each MIT graduate student with $100 of the best environmentally friendly alternative to Bitcoin in the best technology crucible in the world.
It appears from the MIT announcement that the MIT Kerberos & Internet Trust Consortium may have been used as the vehicle for obtaining tax exempt fiat donations. Therefore, should the newly formed BlackCoin Foundation ask the Trust to set up a donation account and let the environmental community try to raise the less than $1 million required to fund the MIT Airdrop.
If you have arrived here from somewhere else and are interested in learning more about BlackCoin and the MIT BlackCoin Project, please join the discussion with us at the BlackCoin subreddit:
Please report proofreading and editing corrections in comments below. References
Electricity requirement calculations needed to maintain the BlackCoin network
Wall Street Journal Article on Bitcoin hash rate
Spokane Review Article
US Energy Information Administration – Washington State Renewable Energy Report
NT Times Iceland Bitcoin mining article
CoinDesk mining equipment articles
Bitcoin MIT Project article that mentions MIT Kerberos & Internet Trust Consortium
submitted by RJSchex to blackcoin [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: ethtrader top posts from 2016-05-05 to 2017-05-04 06:11 PDT

Period: 363.78 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 75999
Rate (per day) 2.75 208.55
Unique Redditors 436 4914
Combined Score 116948 439617

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 3713 points, 42 submissions: twigwam
    1. Coinbase granted N.Y. approval to offer Ether trades (203 points, 48 comments)
    2. That moment when you can buy Ether in the crappiest of grocery stores in Romania :D #Ethereum getting mainstream! @Peter_Szilagyi (202 points, 15 comments)
    3. Is Ethereum The New Bitcoin? [Huffington Post] (183 points, 120 comments)
    4. Forget Bitcoin. The Blockchain Could Reveal What'€™s True Today and Tomorrow [Wired] (146 points, 17 comments)
    5. [CNBC] Alternative cryptocurrency Ether has done something only Bitcoin has manage to do (141 points, 27 comments)
    6. "Should a Bitcoin hard fork occur, expect this to be a bullish event for ETH with ...a target of $65-80" (128 points, 112 comments)
    7. Enterprise Ethereum Alliance Releases Vision Paper (119 points, 16 comments)
    8. To be clear, the proposed 'hard fork' will NOT roll any "blocks back, or to undo any transactions that have nothing to do with the DAO." (118 points, 47 comments)
    9. I'll Say It Again: Ethereum Beats Bitcoin [TheStreet] (117 points, 34 comments)
    10. Business Giants to Announce Creation of a Computing System Based on Ethereum [New York Times] (114 points, 37 comments)
  2. 2352 points, 24 submissions: -bawb405-
    1. "ethereum is it" says the guy who wrote the code that runs the modern web. ❤️ (210 points, 19 comments)
    2. People are now using Ethereum without ever having heard of it. Charged a BMW i3 at a "blockchainified" Share&Charge station today. Paid with Ethereum ERC20 Euro tokens through their app. • ethereum (194 points, 16 comments)
    3. Bosch using Ethereum (fixed) - a company with $70+ Billion in revenue last year - is building dapps on Ethereum (172 points, 27 comments)
    4. AlphaBay Market adding Ethereum for payments (157 points, 36 comments)
    5. $20 felt good, but we're still in early adoption by a long shot (122 points, 139 comments)
    6. Tools and technologies in the Ethereum ecosystem (118 points, 6 comments)
    7. If it's anything like last year, remember to be thoughtful and helpful to noobs (111 points, 36 comments)
    8. Remember to be thoughtful and helpful to noobs (110 points, 24 comments)
    9. Been posting on this community for a year+. Bought my first Ledger S Nano this week. Why the hell didn't I do this earlier? This is the simplest way to cold store ETH with total peace of mind that I've seen. I feel dumb for not doing it earlier. (99 points, 118 comments)
    10. Enterprise Ethereum (includes JP Morgan, CME Group, BNY Mellon, Banco Santander, Microsoft, Red Hat, Cisco, Wipro and British Petroleum) is "looking to build scalable, secure implementations of the private ethereum blockchain with an eye to also help improve the public version of the technology" (99 points, 20 comments)
  3. 2219 points, 18 submissions: Nooku
    1. To all Gnosis token holders. Take a seat before reading this. (440 points, 215 comments)
    2. This is Bitcoin (265 points, 113 comments)
    3. A hard fork is the best thing for the Ethereum network; credibility and ideology is bullshit. Ethereum simply has to execute programs, the rest comes later. (236 points, 326 comments)
    4. How it is to be an early adoptor (172 points, 41 comments)
    5. Found a major TokenCard ICO token distribution bug (171 points, 127 comments)
    6. Ethereum right now (102 points, 5 comments)
    7. The #2 reason to be invested in Ethereum (93 points, 26 comments)
    8. Thank you MEW ( MyEtherWallet ) (88 points, 32 comments)
    9. We were not joking. (88 points, 10 comments)
    10. Which burden do you want to carry: Going to PoS with an anti-Ethereum hacker holding (1)5 % of the Ethers? Or having an anti-principle fork in the history of the network which prevented exactly that? (80 points, 95 comments)
  4. 2114 points, 24 submissions: Mr_Yukon_C
    1. Me watching the ETH price rebound today! (199 points, 27 comments)
    2. Is it time for this yet? LOL (183 points, 20 comments)
    3. Bitcoin desperation -- spamming Ethereum's Geth github repo -- see the messages for yourself (163 points, 44 comments)
    4. Vitalik: "I expect future net inflation will eventually go slightly negative once there's a high volume of transactions on the network." (133 points, 44 comments)
    5. Vitalik on PoS/Casper -- "our current actually going quite well." (121 points, 23 comments)
    6. Vitalik addresses Vlad's tweet about reducing the block reward by a factor of 4 (110 points, 28 comments)
    7. Tezos red flags! (97 points, 81 comments)
    8. MarketWatch - Bitcoin rival Ethereum is making a comeback (78 points, 14 comments)
    9. Must be getting close to the bottom -- extreme negative sentiment. (78 points, 104 comments)
    10. Devcon3: venue will be in Cancun in November! (77 points, 36 comments)
  5. 1528 points, 13 submissions: nanomind
    1. x - post : I am stepping down as a moderator of btc and exiting the bitcoin community and entering the Ethereum community. (280 points, 104 comments)
    2. Billionaire says he has 10% of his money in Bitcoin, Ether and Blockchain tech (214 points, 85 comments)
    3. The United Nations Just Completed Its First Large-Scale Ethereum Test (197 points, 19 comments)
    4. Ethereum Google Searches Spike to an All-Time High (130 points, 16 comments)
    5. Bitcoin Has “Lost the Innovation of the Future” Says Balaji (128 points, 45 comments)
    6. The Insanity and Brilliance at Ethereum’s Developer Conference (113 points, 18 comments)
    7. More Banks Are Signing Up for ING's Ethereum Oil Trading Test (96 points, 23 comments)
    8. Ethereum: The not-Bitcoin cryptocurrency that could help replace Uber (74 points, 32 comments)
    9. Op-Ed: Are Businesses Ditching Bitcoin for Ethereum? - CryptoCoinsNews (66 points, 7 comments)
    10. Ethereum Prediction Market Project Gnosis Sets ICO Launch Date (63 points, 36 comments)
  6. 1450 points, 2 submissions: Harry_Specter
    1. [Daily Discussion] - 28/Ap2017 - Daily Discussion Unlimited (1076 points, 3588 comments)
    2. [Daily Discussion] - 21/Ap2017 - USER HOSTED (374 points, 891 comments)
  7. 1399 points, 16 submissions: econoar
    1. Santander Vies to Become First Bank to Issue Cash on Blockchain using Public Ethereum Chain (179 points, 68 comments)
    2. DAO hard fork proposal by Gavin Wood (121 points, 76 comments)
    3. DAO rescue hotfix (soft fork) released. (119 points, 67 comments)
    4. Coinbase VP Tells Forbes that Ethereum will be available for purchase on its retail site this month. (118 points, 46 comments)
    5. ShapeShift raises $10.4mn in VC funding, plans to build an exchange using smart contracts (116 points, 17 comments)
    6. AmBanker: Brendan Eich (Co-Founder of Mozilla) is launching an ICO on Ethereum (112 points, 42 comments)
    7. Never forget (78 points, 28 comments)
    8. RBS testing Ethereum as a Clearing and Settlement Mechanism, willing to use public chain if transaction speeds and some other criteria are met (76 points, 13 comments)
    9. 50% of today's ETH volume is on fiat pairs. Keep it up! (74 points, 5 comments)
    10. JP Morgan looking to use Ethereum for data privacy (66 points, 3 comments)
  8. 1361 points, 17 submissions: BeerBellyFatAss
    1. Here's Why Microsoft, JP Morgan Chase And These Entrepreneurs Are All-In On Ethereum (185 points, 36 comments)
    2. Broadridge, J.P. Morgan, Northern Trust and Banco Santander Successfully Complete Pilot of Blockchain-Based Proxy Vote Solution (146 points, 23 comments)
    3. Ethereum Stole the Show at Microsoft's New York City Demo Day (142 points, 22 comments)
    4. This video should be stickied on Ethtrader as it gives new investors/traders a synopsis of what Ethereum is about. Upvote or downvote if you agree/disagree. (118 points, 11 comments)
    5. New to Ethereum - Please check out this 20 Min TED Talk - a high level overview by Don Tapscott: How the blockchain is changing money and business (82 points, 3 comments)
    6. Big Business Giants From Microsoft to J.P. Morgan Are Getting Behind Ethereum (68 points, 0 comments)
    7. Digital Currencies Show Potential To Be New Asset Class As Demand For Bitcoin Rival Ethereum Rises (64 points, 21 comments)
    8. Ethereum Research Update (60 points, 2 comments)
    9. Hyperledger, Ethereum Blockchain Projects Move Toward Cooperation, Not Competition (59 points, 0 comments)
    10. JPMorgan, Microsoft, Intel and others form new blockchain alliance (59 points, 3 comments)
  9. 1293 points, 12 submissions: ceo-of-bitcoin
    1. Bitcoin spent 2 years on stale discussion, while ETH developed amazing features. I'm 100% Flipped. (210 points, 104 comments)
    2. Andreas Antonopoulos says BTC and ETH are not in competition. Believe me, they were very much in competition when I sold all my BTC for ETH. (159 points, 80 comments)
    3. The DAO will be remembered as (1) an early experiment that blew up, OR (2) a reputation-tarnishing event. Let's hard fork and move forward. (138 points, 131 comments)
    4. Imagine this scenario (126 points, 76 comments)
    5. It's so obvious what will happen next (108 points, 68 comments)
    6. Microsoft CEO explains the success of ETH (108 points, 19 comments)
    7. The scaling debate is over. ETH won. (101 points, 45 comments)
    8. Ethereum contracts depend on Ethereum's consensus. If Ethereum declares the DAO's laws invalid, then they are. (87 points, 41 comments)
    9. Bitcoin discussion is inherently political because there is nothing genuinely interesting to talk about. ETH is the opposite. (79 points, 20 comments)
    10. Bitcoin Maximalists had the right idea, but they were 3 years too early (67 points, 8 comments)
  10. 1292 points, 10 submissions: heliumcraft
    1. Javascript Inventor: 'we need smart contracts -- Ethereum is "it"' (247 points, 31 comments)
    2. Welcome to EthTrader ! (197 points, 25 comments)
    3. Vitalik Buterin: Casper PoC3 backbone simulations: 3s block time, 1.25s avg latency + 2s avg clock offset: 1% stale rate (182 points, 44 comments)
    4. twitter: "There are more devs working on Ethereum & its ecosystem than Bitcoin. Discuss." (138 points, 23 comments)
    5. MetaMask public developer beta begins! Extension turns Chrome into an Ethereum Web3 browser! (133 points, 18 comments)
    6. twitter: "Back when the price of ETH was $4 It was stated the Ethereum foundation had enough money for 4 years of operations. It's $40 now. (109 points, 20 comments)
    7. Reminder: There is a ethtrader telegram channel (87 points, 29 comments)
    8. Jack Peterson: "if anyone's curious why REP and ETH prices are tanking today, some shithead hacked Bob Shen and dumped his ETH+REP" (79 points, 68 comments)
    9. Light Client ready to test later this week (69 points, 14 comments)
    10. Light Client ready to test later this week (51 points, 0 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. jtnichol (6731 points, 961 comments)
  2. hodlor (6582 points, 866 comments)
  3. Mr_Yukon_C (5562 points, 750 comments)
  4. myownman (4879 points, 673 comments)
  5. antiprosynthesis (4763 points, 959 comments)
  6. econoar (4389 points, 436 comments)
  7. IRefuseToGiveAName (4285 points, 600 comments)
  8. oldskool47 (4142 points, 574 comments)
  9. Nooku (3762 points, 409 comments)
  10. ethacct (3515 points, 456 comments)
  11. Happy1013 (3396 points, 375 comments)
  12. laughncow (3321 points, 513 comments)
  13. csasker (3110 points, 466 comments)
  14. ninethirtyone (3093 points, 362 comments)
  15. HandyNumber (3057 points, 527 comments)
  16. -o-o-o (3008 points, 520 comments)
  17. talkingbob (2952 points, 503 comments)
  18. Bitcoin_Schmitcoin (2762 points, 200 comments)
  19. etheryum (2756 points, 459 comments)
  20. CommodoreHodlor (2643 points, 460 comments)
  21. earthquakequestion (2488 points, 397 comments)
  22. yayreddityay (2478 points, 304 comments)
  23. OperationNine (2330 points, 251 comments)
  24. manimoa (2242 points, 280 comments)
  25. Hiphopsince1988 (2120 points, 307 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. [Daily Discussion] - 28/Ap2017 - Daily Discussion Unlimited by Harry_Specter (1076 points, 3588 comments)
  2. Germany's Energy Giant Launches 100s of Ethereum Based Electric Cars Charging Stations by mixmaster_remailer (521 points, 103 comments)
  3. Over 200 Companies expected to join Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (EEA) over the next 2 to 3 months by yesono (508 points, 180 comments)
  4. To all Gnosis token holders. Take a seat before reading this. by Nooku (440 points, 215 comments)
  5. Fellow Etherians: when you wish you had purchased more, remember this... by mrcarner (437 points, 160 comments)
  6. Hivemind trading: For every upvote, I will long 1 ETH. For every downvotes, I will short 1 ETH. Let's do this. by Ignatius_G_Reilly (397 points, 32 comments)
  7. /ethtrader is trending! by suclearnub (383 points, 36 comments)
  8. Vitalik: "An additional 10% of the block reward starting from Metropolis will be directed to our shareholders at AXA and the Bilderberg group. This change is permanent." And more Q1 Dev developments. by scarpoochi (377 points, 75 comments)
  9. [Daily Discussion] - 21/Ap2017 - USER HOSTED by Harry_Specter (374 points, 891 comments)
  10. Companies secretly using ethereum. Blockchain analysis(an early look) by Crypt0-Bear (362 points, 133 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 261 points: insomniasexx's comment in My final margin call
  2. 182 points: deleted's comment in [Daily Discussion] - 31/Ma2017
  3. 158 points: MidnightOnMars's comment in [Daily Discussion] - 29/Ma2017
  4. 156 points: yosh579's comment in So I made a bet about an Ethereum Tattoo if it hit 75 before May or before Metropolis...
  5. 148 points: ev1501's comment in [Daily Discussion] - 28/Ap2017 - Daily Discussion Unlimited
  6. 148 points: yayreddityay's comment in [Daily Discussion] - 24/Ma2017
  7. 146 points: BitEther's comment in Over 200 Companies expected to join Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (EEA) over the next 2 to 3 months
  8. 133 points: shadesvo's comment in With Great Wealth Comes Great Responsibility
  9. 130 points: ProtectYourMind's comment in Monster support wall on GDAX
  10. 130 points: Trencheel303's comment in Fellow Etherians: when you wish you had purchased more, remember this...
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: CryptoCurrency top posts from 2016-03-26 to 2017-03-25 06:16 PDT

Period: 363.66 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 5933
Rate (per day) 2.75 16.28
Unique Redditors 374 1711
Combined Score 21623 13093

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 1930 points, 78 submissions: Coinosphere
    1. Bitcoin expected to become part of everyday life in the Caribbean within eighteen months as banks abandon the region (70 points, 11 comments)
    2. Marijuana now legal in eight more US States while vendors get more bitcoin options (66 points, 0 comments)
    3. Bitfinex hacked, halts trading, deposits, and withdrawals - 119,756 BTC lost so far with no insurance (60 points, 5 comments)
    4. Hacker holds San Francisco railway to ransom, demands 100 bitcoins (59 points, 8 comments)
    5. South Korea plans national digital currency using a Blockchain (52 points, 6 comments)
    6. Santander says ‘Yes to bitcoin’ in Brazil (50 points, 3 comments)
    7. Ukraine to be the first government to integrate blockchain technology, targets corruption (48 points, 1 comment)
    8. 50% of all consumers would use bank alternatives, including bitcoin, as Bank irrelevance grows (46 points, 0 comments)
    9. Core Bitcoin developer uncovers possible plot by ChainAnchor to force AML onto Bitcoin (46 points, 9 comments)
    10. Seafile replaces Paypal with bitcoin after Paypal privacy shenanigans (46 points, 0 comments)
  2. 930 points, 39 submissions: helmsk
    1. Countdown: Bitcoin Will Be a Legal Method of Payment in Japan in Two Months (88 points, 2 comments)
    2. Bitcoin Transactions Declared VAT-Exempt in Norway (85 points, 3 comments)
    3. Zeronet Wants to Replace the Dark Web by Marrying Bitcoin to Bittorrent Over Tor (46 points, 3 comments)
    4. Central Bank of Nigeria Says ‘We Can’t Stop Bitcoin’ (44 points, 6 comments)
    5. New Image Hosting Service Pays Thousands of Uploaders in Bitcoin (43 points, 4 comments)
    6. Coinbase Exits as Hawaii Requires Bitcoin Companies to Hold Fiat Reserves (39 points, 7 comments)
    7. Europe Lays Out Roadmap to Restrict Payments in Cash and Cryptocurrencies (35 points, 1 comment)
    8. One of These 5 Hyperinflating Economies Could Adopt Bitcoin in 2017 (32 points, 6 comments)
    9. Polish Bitcoin Adoption Escalating with Strong Ecosystem (30 points, 1 comment)
    10. A Look At Bitcoin Bubbles, When Will the Next One Be? (25 points, 6 comments)
  3. 846 points, 36 submissions: e-ok
    1. Europe Will Have Power to Ban Blockchain Tech in January 2018 (51 points, 20 comments)
    2. Bitcoin Projects on Github Surpass 10,000 (47 points, 3 comments)
    3. Italy's Largest Taxi Fleet Accepts Bitcoin (46 points, 2 comments)
    4. Bitcoin Symbol Left Out of Unicode's Latest Version (42 points, 4 comments)
    5. Malta's Prime Minister Says Europe Should Become the Bitcoin Continent (40 points, 3 comments)
    6. SEC Rejects Rule Change for Bitcoin ETF (32 points, 0 comments)
    7. Bitcoin Price Poised for a Breakout, Technical Analysis Shows (31 points, 5 comments)
    8. ECB to EU: Tighter Regulations, Less Anonymity on Digital Currencies (29 points, 8 comments)
    9. OpenBazaar 2.0 Now Running on Tor Network (27 points, 0 comments)
    10. Trump's Trade War With China Could Boost Chinese Bitcoin Demand (27 points, 8 comments)
  4. 801 points, 39 submissions: Posternut
    1. ‘Decentralized Reddit’ Steemit Awards $1.3 Million to Users (48 points, 15 comments)
    2. IBM Invests $200M Into Blockchain and IoT Research at German Headquarters (45 points, 2 comments)
    3. Bitcoin Price Rally Rages on, Market Cap Passes $10Bn USD (34 points, 0 comments)
    4. Apple Tells Jaxx To Remove Dashpay (31 points, 32 comments)
    5. Secret Chinese Bitcoin Mines Are Mining Millions (31 points, 4 comments)
    6. A Decentralized World Has No Kings (29 points, 0 comments)
    7. China's Social Security Fund to Use Blockchain Technology (28 points, 3 comments)
    8. FBI Director: 'There's No Such Thing As Absolute Privacy’ (28 points, 4 comments)
    9. Kim Dotcom’s Mega & Bitcoin ‘Baby’ Will Be Born This January (28 points, 5 comments)
    10. BitPay Launches Loadable Visa (27 points, 0 comments)
  5. 784 points, 35 submissions: CryptoCurrencyNews
    1. Libertarian City Liberstad in Norway is Moving Forward Using Bitcoin as Primary Currency (67 points, 8 comments)
    2. What Is the Flippening? (53 points, 16 comments)
    3. Only 807 People Have Declared Bitcoin for Tax Purposes According to IRS (40 points, 12 comments)
    4. Storj to Migrate Decentralized Storage Service to Ethereum Blockchain (40 points, 5 comments)
    5. Darknet Marketplace AlphaBay Will Enable Ethereum Payments Soon (35 points, 14 comments)
    6. The Trump Administration is Buying Into Blockchain Tech (35 points, 5 comments)
    7. Coinbase Receives Approval To Trade Ether and Litecoin in New York (32 points, 2 comments)
    8. Bitcoin's Price Just Finished its First Month Above $1,000 (29 points, 1 comment)
    9. Chinese Central Bank Requiring Extreme Customer Verifications at Exchanges (29 points, 5 comments)
    10. The EU is Now Targeting “Unpermissioned” Blockchains (29 points, 10 comments)
  6. 633 points, 35 submissions: twigwam
    1. Creator of the JavaScript language and early Internet pioneer plans blockchain-based digital ad platform on the Ethereum network (40 points, 18 comments)
    2. NYTimes on Ethereum... (37 points, 15 comments)
    3. The Disaster that is Bitcoin (35 points, 20 comments)
    4. Bitcoin is a Highly Centralized Network, Says Harvard Researcher - CCN (31 points, 14 comments)
    5. Gavin: Ethereum will outgrow Bitcoin at this pace. (28 points, 9 comments)
    6. The Amount of Self-Proclaimed Ethereum Experts Surpasses 3,000 On LinkedIn (25 points, 8 comments)
    7. [The Economist] Ethereum: One blockchain to rule them all? - talk with Vitalik Buterin (25 points, 0 comments)
    8. How the blockchain will radically transform the economy | Bettina Warburg (22 points, 9 comments)
    9. Vitalik Buterin to Debut Ethereum Scaling Paper at Devcon - CoinDesk (22 points, 7 comments)
    10. [Coinbase] "is convinced that public blockchains and cryptocurrencies would eventually produce greater innovation, just as the open Internet has changed society more than private intranets have." - Forbes in-depth article (20 points, 0 comments)
  7. 522 points, 20 submissions: olivercarding
    1. Bitcoin Activity in India Has Doubled Since the Banknote Ban (58 points, 0 comments)
    2. Apple Approves Steem, Lisk and Digicash for App Store; Rejects Ethereum Classic (57 points, 10 comments)
    3. Bitcoin Has Many Fans at Amazon According to Purse CEO Andrew Lee (50 points, 5 comments)
    4. $5 Worth of Bitcoin Gets You Internet ‘For Life’ on the Darknet (36 points, 7 comments)
    5. 4 Monero Features That Enable Better Privacy Than Bitcoin (35 points, 0 comments)
    6. Bitcoin is Eating the Entire Online Gambling Industry (31 points, 2 comments)
    7. Report Estimates There are More Than 10 Million Bitcoin Holders Worldwide (28 points, 7 comments)
    8. Bitcoin Dominance Index Approaches 90% as Ethereum and Steem Decline (25 points, 4 comments)
    9. Singapore’s Status Wants to Bring Ethereum to Every Mobile Device (25 points, 0 comments)
    10. Slock.It Says 'The DAO's Journey is Over' (23 points, 0 comments)
  8. 513 points, 21 submissions: _CapR_
    1. Polls suggest the Pirate Party who support Bitcoins as legal tender may win Saturday's election in Iceland (48 points, 3 comments)
    2. ALERT: Apple just approved two more scam wallets, please help reporting them - (/Bitcoin x-post) (41 points, 0 comments)
    3. War On Cash Intensifies: Citibank To Stop Accepting Cash At Some Branches (40 points, 3 comments)
    4. Russian Authorities: Bitcoin Poses No Threat, Won’t Be Banned (36 points, 5 comments)
    5. The Govt. Realized Bitcoin Could Not Be Shut down, Says U.S. Federal Prosecutor - CryptoCoinsNews (36 points, 7 comments)
    6. Saudis, China dump treasuries; foreign banks liquidate a record $346 billion in US paper (33 points, 2 comments)
    7. IRS Fail: Treasury Audit Says it Can't Manage Virtual Currencies - Bitcoin News (32 points, 2 comments)
    8. Bitcoin Is Real Money, Judge Rules in J.P. Morgan Hack (31 points, 0 comments)
    9. Massive scams like OneCoin harm all of crypto & can increase bad regs - help me make a letter on GitHub to send to enforcement agencies (29 points, 9 comments)
    10. Deploy is the fastest and easiest way to create an OpenBazaar store that will stay up 24/7, auto-update, and operate securely. (27 points, 0 comments)
  9. 365 points, 20 submissions: jholmes91
    1. Monero Testing $10, Releases Official Wallet (39 points, 1 comment)
    2. Litecoin Creator: I think there's a General Confusion that SegWit Signaling is a Vote (28 points, 2 comments)
    3. Open-source Cold Storage Guide for Bitcoin in the Works! (27 points, 1 comment)
    4. One in Five Users May Abandon Bitcoin Because of Privacy Concerns (24 points, 19 comments)
    5. Jaxx Wallet Set to Integrate DASH This Week (23 points, 4 comments)
    6. IRS Summons Coinbase, but the Bitcoin Exchange Fights Back (22 points, 2 comments)
    7. New OpenBazaar Release Provides Altcoin Integration (21 points, 12 comments)
    8. Russia's Ministry of Finance Wants to Legalize Bitcoin (21 points, 0 comments)
    9. Monero Appreciation Intensifies on Darknet Adoption (20 points, 7 comments)
    10. Monero Attracts Mainstream Media After ZCash Decline & Controversial Launch (18 points, 0 comments)
  10. 355 points, 17 submissions: coin_news
    1. Major Korean Bank to launch bitcoin-backed remittance service (40 points, 1 comment)
    2. Experts say Scotland should adopt blockchain technology, or risk losing tens of thousands of jobs and hundreds of millions in earnings (32 points, 1 comment)
    3. Tumblers and unregulated wallet providers are the target of global cybercrime conference (30 points, 8 comments)
    4. Gemini launches daily bitcoin auctions to provide better price discovery (27 points, 0 comments)
    5. U.S. Department of Homeland Security funds four blockchain companies developing new cyber security technology (27 points, 1 comment)
    6. Deloitte boosts blockchain adoption by installing a bitcoin ATM in their Toronto office (25 points, 0 comments)
    7. DC attorneys suggest Federal Reserve actively embrace and utilize blockchain technology (24 points, 2 comments)
    8. House of Lords told Bank of England's digital currency is 'some way off' (24 points, 1 comment)
    9. 75% of corporate treasurers in Africa and Latin America interested in blockchain solutions (21 points, 0 comments)
    10. Public blockchains gaining acceptance at Bank of Japan’s Payment and Settlement Forum (17 points, 0 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. nugymmer (404 points, 207 comments)
  2. trancephorm (289 points, 67 comments)
  3. SeemedGood (132 points, 53 comments)
  4. indiamikezulu (91 points, 55 comments)
  5. kingofthejaffacakes (88 points, 22 comments)
  6. jwinterm (87 points, 32 comments)
  7. antiprosynthesis (83 points, 43 comments)
  8. nagalim (80 points, 28 comments)
  9. phor2zero (77 points, 13 comments)
  10. humbrie (76 points, 33 comments)
  11. RawlzSec (75 points, 17 comments)
  12. thegauntlet (73 points, 23 comments)
  13. MasterMined710 (70 points, 44 comments)
  14. wolffang1 (68 points, 39 comments)
  15. marenkar (62 points, 24 comments)
  16. shbour (58 points, 26 comments)
  17. twigwam (57 points, 33 comments)
  18. sn0wr4in (56 points, 14 comments)
  19. strips_of_serengeti (56 points, 14 comments)
  20. travis- (55 points, 16 comments)
  21. ASG3 (54 points, 36 comments)
  22. isrly_eder (54 points, 12 comments)
  23. Explodicle (53 points, 29 comments)
  24. _CapR_ (53 points, 25 comments)
  25. autotldr (52 points, 28 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Employee mined bitcoins on Federal Reserve servers for two years by _bnc (106 points, 15 comments)
  2. Talking to people about CryptoCurrencies be like... by discombobulatedone (91 points, 11 comments)
  3. Bitcoin falls below 70% of total cryptocurrency market cap for the first time by SatoshiRoshi (90 points, 62 comments)
  4. Countdown: Bitcoin Will Be a Legal Method of Payment in Japan in Two Months by helmsk (88 points, 2 comments)
  5. Monero successfully hardforks! by jml390 (85 points, 33 comments)
  6. Bitcoin Transactions Declared VAT-Exempt in Norway by helmsk (85 points, 3 comments)
  7. Kraken launches Monero trading by jml390 (82 points, 3 comments)
  8. Poloniex is Secure. We're Good. by Poloniex (79 points, 52 comments)
  9. EU Parliament states Virtual Currencies cannot be anonymous by -bnc (70 points, 26 comments)
  10. Bitcoin expected to become part of everyday life in the Caribbean within eighteen months as banks abandon the region by Coinosphere (70 points, 11 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 44 points: boppie's comment in EU Parliament states Virtual Currencies cannot be anonymous
  2. 40 points: ihaphleas's comment in Bitcoin is not private, only decentralised. What is the most private, secure, and decentralised crypto currency?
  3. 32 points: FatherSigma's comment in How many people here know about Monero (XMR)?
  4. 32 points: adidasimwearing's comment in Best Alternative to Bitcoin
  5. 31 points: TH3J4CK4L's comment in Which coins are currently superior to Bitcoin as a currency / store of money?
  6. 26 points: eleitl's comment in Europe Will Have Power to Ban Blockchain Tech in January 2018
  7. 26 points: trancephorm's comment in Zcash trusted setup disaster. The number of parties used should have much larger. It is sad that they never properly responded to this concern.
  8. 25 points: phor2zero's comment in Which coins are currently superior to Bitcoin as a currency / store of money?
  9. 24 points: pasttense's comment in EU Parliament states Virtual Currencies cannot be anonymous
  10. 24 points: trancephorm's comment in Roger Ver Selling his Bitcoin for Dash to Protest Core Censorship (Today's Tony Podcast)
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]

Whale Miners

I'm guessing there are a few whale miners, who possess a massive amount of computing power (think supercomputers) who collect a significant portion of the Bitcoins that are spit into the world.
What if the small handful of titan miners possess an unfathomable amount of Bitcoins? For example, the largest declared Bitcoin fortune is possessed by the Winklevoss twins (who owned 11 million $ in Bitcoins when valued at 120$/btc). Are there undeclared Bitcoin billionaires in possession of 99% or more of the produced Bitcoins?
Does the current market for Bitcoins solely reflect the recreational mining community (who mine to spend on commodities), but ignore the more commercial/investment miners?
Is there a way to figure out whether undeclared whale miners exist?
Help me out here, I'm just trying to gain a firmer grasp on all of this.
submitted by pinksphinx to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Bitcoin miner Easyminer Video Setup - YouTube How to Mine Bitcoins Using Your Own Computer - YouTube How to mine $1,000,000 of Bitcoin using just a laptop ... How To Mine 1 Bitcoin in 10 Minutes - Blockchain BTC Miner ... The Bitcoin Miner Review - Does It Scam Or Really Work?

DealBook How to Explain Bitcoin to Your Mom! APRIL 2, 2014. Users can buy Bitcoins or earn them by using computers to solve math equations, a process called mining. But similar to the Gold Rush of ... Utility Companies Step into Bitcoin Mining. by Alan Daniel March 8, 2020. written by Alan Daniel March 8, 2020. Utilities and Bitcoin Mining . The crypto sphere is going a bit stir crazy with the recent news from Bloomberg that a power plant in New York has it’s in house bitcoin mining operation. Reportedly, the power plant has a location in the Finger Lakes region and uses a portion of ... The machines have the capacity to generate 1.265 exahash per second of bitcoin mining power. The farm is expected to become fully operational by the second quarter of 2021. With 500 miners already at the site, the company says it intends to grow the facility to a hashrate of 3.32 EH/s in the future. Bitcoin is an Internet-wide distributed ledger. You buy into the ledger by purchasing one of a fixed number of slots, either with cash or by selling a product and service for Bitcoin. You sell out of the ledger by trading your Bitcoin to someone else who wants to buy into the ledger. Anyone in the world can buy into or sell out of the ledger ... Bitcoin Mining Hardware Like Bitcoin, people are much interested in searching for the best Bitcoin mining hardware. Well, it is not the one, but many ample options. Some of them include Avalon6, Bitmain Antminer S9i, Pangolin Whatsminer M3X, Halong Mining DragonMint T1 among others. You can also find for Bitcoin mining har

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Bitcoin miner Easyminer Video Setup - YouTube

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